Inventory HMONG (UPSID 291)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

n̪t̪ʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING RING BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
ʈʂ LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER S WITH HOOK
n̠̥ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - COMBINING RING BELOW
t̪ʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ŋkʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
t̠ʃʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
mp LATIN SMALL LETTER M - LATIN SMALL LETTER P
ʈʂʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER S WITH HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
mpʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER M - LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ɛɯ LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN E - LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED M
LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW
ŋk LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER K
au LATIN SMALL LETTER A - LATIN SMALL LETTER U
t̪s̪ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW
n̠t̠ʃʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW
n̪t̪s̪ʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
n̪t̪s̪ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER M - COMBINING RING BELOW
t̪s̪ʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
n̠t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
n̪̥ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING RING BELOW
ɳʈʂʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER S WITH HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ai LATIN SMALL LETTER A - LATIN SMALL LETTER I
n̪t̪ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW
ɳʈʂ LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER S WITH HOOK
ɴq LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL N - LATIN SMALL LETTER Q
ɴqʰ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL N - LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
əu LATIN SMALL LETTER SCHWA - LATIN SMALL LETTER U