Inventory AVAR (UPSID 233)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

l̪|l LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER L
t̠ʃː LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
qχː LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̪s̪ʼ|tsʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
n̪|n LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER N
qχʼː LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
ɬ̪ː|ɬː LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̠ʃʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ɬ̪|ɬ LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT
LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER X - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
χː GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̪s̪ʰ|tsʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
kxː LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN SMALL LETTER X - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̪ɬ̪ʼː|tɬʼː LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̠ʃʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
t̪s̪ː|tsː LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
ʕ̝ LATIN LETTER PHARYNGEAL VOICED FRICATIVE - COMBINING UP TACK BELOW
kxʼː LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN SMALL LETTER X - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
z̪|z LATIN SMALL LETTER Z - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
d̪|d LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER D
s̪ː|sː LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̪ʰ|tʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
t̪ʼ|tʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
R̪|R LATIN CAPITAL LETTER R - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN CAPITAL LETTER R
s̪|s LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
ʃː LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̠ʃʼː LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̪s̪ʼː|tsʼː LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
t̪ɬ̪ː|tɬː LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON