Inventory Parauk (UPSID)

Source name: PARAUK

Segment Representation Segment class Combined class

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

LATIN SMALL LETTER B - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
a̤ṳ LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER U - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
ɯ̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED M - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
o̤i̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
n̪̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
ai LATIN SMALL LETTER A - LATIN SMALL LETTER I
ɤ̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER RAMS HORN - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
l̠̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
iu LATIN SMALL LETTER I - LATIN SMALL LETTER U
d̠ʒ̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER A - LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED M
ʒ̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
t̠ʃʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
au LATIN SMALL LETTER A - LATIN SMALL LETTER U
ɔi LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN O - LATIN SMALL LETTER I
ia LATIN SMALL LETTER I - LATIN SMALL LETTER A
n̠̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
ɔ̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN O - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
ɯi LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED M - LATIN SMALL LETTER I
LATIN SMALL LETTER I - LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN E
io̞ LATIN SMALL LETTER I - LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
ṳi̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER U - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
ɤ̤i̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER RAMS HORN - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
i̤ɛ̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN E - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
ɤi LATIN SMALL LETTER RAMS HORN - LATIN SMALL LETTER I
d̪̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
ŋ̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
ɔ̤i̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN O - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER V - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
ɡ̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER M - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
ɛ̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN E - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
a̤ɯ̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED M - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
t̪ʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
a̤i̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
ɯ̤i̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED M - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER U - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
i̤ṳ LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER U - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
ui LATIN SMALL LETTER U - LATIN SMALL LETTER I
LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW
ṳa̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER U - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW
l̪̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
o̞i LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER I
i̤a̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
ua LATIN SMALL LETTER U - LATIN SMALL LETTER A