Inventory ARCHI (UPSID 228)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

χʷˤː GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
χː GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̪s̪ʼː|tsʼː LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̠ʃʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
t̪ʰ|tʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
qχˤʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
z̪ʷ|zʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER Z - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̪s̪ʰ|tsʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
χˤː GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
χʷˤ GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP
t̪ɬ̪ʰ|tɬʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ʁʷˤ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL INVERTED R - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP
t̠ʃʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
t̠ʃʷʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
qχˤː LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
χʷː GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ʃː LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER U - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP
n̪|n LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER N
o̞ˤ LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP
ʁˤ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL INVERTED R - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP
t̠ʃʼː LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ɬ̪ː|ɬː LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
qχˤ LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP
χˤ GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP
t̠ʃʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
t̪s̪ʼ|tsʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ʃʷː LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
kʷː LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER I - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP
kʷʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
t̪ɬ̪ʷʰ|tɬʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ʃʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
R̪|R LATIN CAPITAL LETTER R - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN CAPITAL LETTER R
e̞ˤ LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP
LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
s̪ʷː|sʷː LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̪ː|tː LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER A - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP
ʁʷ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL INVERTED R - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ɬ̪ʷ|ɬʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
qχʷˤ LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP
s̪ʷ|sʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
qχʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ɡʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
l̪|l LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER L
qχʷʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ʒʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
χʷ GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
d̪ʷ|dʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER D - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
t̪ɬ̪ʼ|tɬʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
t̪ʼ|tʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
d̪|d LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER D
t̪s̪ʷʼ|tsʷʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
z̪|z LATIN SMALL LETTER Z - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
s̪ː|sː LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɬ̪ʷː|ɬʷː LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
qχʷˤʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
t̪ʷʰ|tʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
s̪|s LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
ɮ̪|ɮ LATIN SMALL LETTER LEZH - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER LEZH
t̪s̪ʷʰ|tsʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
qχʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
qχʼː LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɬ̪|ɬ LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT
t̪ɬ̪ʷʼ|tɬʷʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
kʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H