Inventory Mfumte (GM 1601)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

ɡb LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - LATIN SMALL LETTER B
ŋh LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER H
˦˨ MODIFIER LETTER HIGH TONE BAR - MODIFIER LETTER LOW TONE BAR
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
ŋɣᶣ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER GAMMA - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL TURNED H
ŋmɡb LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER M - LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - LATIN SMALL LETTER B
nt LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER T
ɡʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
ɱfʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER M WITH HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER F - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
ns LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
ŋkʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
ŋmkp LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER M - LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN SMALL LETTER P
kp LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN SMALL LETTER P
n̠d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
ndz LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER D - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
ŋɣ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER GAMMA
ŋʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
mbˠ LATIN SMALL LETTER M - LATIN SMALL LETTER B - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL GAMMA
ɥ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED H
d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
ŋkʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ŋɣʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER GAMMA - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ɲʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH LEFT HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
dz LATIN SMALL LETTER D - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
˨ MODIFIER LETTER LOW TONE BAR
mbʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER M - LATIN SMALL LETTER B - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
LATIN SMALL LETTER H - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
˨˦ MODIFIER LETTER LOW TONE BAR - MODIFIER LETTER HIGH TONE BAR
nd LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER D
ŋɡʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
ŋhʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER H - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
ɡʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ŋɡʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
nts LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
mpʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER M - LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
ŋhʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER H - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ŋhᶣ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER H - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL TURNED H
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
˧ MODIFIER LETTER MID TONE BAR
LATIN SMALL LETTER H - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
˥˩ MODIFIER LETTER EXTRA-HIGH TONE BAR - MODIFIER LETTER EXTRA-LOW TONE BAR
ɱv LATIN SMALL LETTER M WITH HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER V
mb LATIN SMALL LETTER M - LATIN SMALL LETTER B
ŋɣʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER GAMMA - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
mp LATIN SMALL LETTER M - LATIN SMALL LETTER P
LATIN SMALL LETTER B - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
LATIN SMALL LETTER B - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H WITH HOOK
ɱf LATIN SMALL LETTER M WITH HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER F
ts LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
LATIN SMALL LETTER B - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL GAMMA
n̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
hᶣ LATIN SMALL LETTER H - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL TURNED H
LATIN SMALL LETTER F - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W