Inventory Gamo-Gofa-Dawro (GM)

Source name: Gamo

Segment Representation Segment class Combined class

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

LATIN SMALL LETTER U - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
u̞ː LATIN SMALL LETTER U - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̠ʃʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
t̠ʃʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ɓ̥ LATIN SMALL LETTER B WITH HOOK - COMBINING RING BELOW
tsʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ɔ̝ː LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN O - COMBINING UP TACK BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
ɛ̝ː LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN E - COMBINING UP TACK BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
i̞ː LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ɛ̝ LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN E - COMBINING UP TACK BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
t̪ʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ɔ̝ LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN O - COMBINING UP TACK BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
tsʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H