Inventory Kalanga (GM)

Source name: Ikalanga

Segment Representation Segment class Combined class

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
n̠d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
ʃʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
tsʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
˦˨ MODIFIER LETTER HIGH TONE BAR - MODIFIER LETTER LOW TONE BAR
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
bz LATIN SMALL LETTER B - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
˨˦ MODIFIER LETTER LOW TONE BAR - MODIFIER LETTER HIGH TONE BAR
LATIN SMALL LETTER B - LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G
d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
t̠ʃʱ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H WITH HOOK
ɡʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
dz LATIN SMALL LETTER D - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
t̪ʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H WITH HOOK
t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
kʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ŋʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
tʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER Z - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
nd LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER D
LATIN SMALL LETTER D - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
˨ MODIFIER LETTER LOW TONE BAR
LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ŋɡ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G
kʷʱ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H WITH HOOK
˦ MODIFIER LETTER HIGH TONE BAR
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
t̠ʃʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
pkʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER P - LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
mb LATIN SMALL LETTER M - LATIN SMALL LETTER B
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ts LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
dzʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
ps LATIN SMALL LETTER P - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
tsʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ŋɡʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H WITH HOOK
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H WITH HOOK
tsʱ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H WITH HOOK