Inventory NAMBAKAENGO (UPSID 557)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

t̪ʰ|tʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER M - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
õ̞ LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - COMBINING TILDE
LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
s̪|s LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
mbʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER M - LATIN SMALL LETTER B - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
n̪ʷ|nʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER N - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
t̪ʲ|tʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
ŋɡ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
n̪d̪|nd LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER D
mb LATIN SMALL LETTER M - LATIN SMALL LETTER B
ŋɡʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
l̪|l LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER L
e̞i LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER I
ŋʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
t̪|t LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T
n̪d̪ʷ|ndʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER D - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
n̪ʲ|nʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER N - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
n̪|n LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER N
t̪ʷ|tʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W