Inventory SAAMI (UPSID 549)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
β̞ GREEK SMALL LETTER BETA - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
t̪ʲ|tʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
t̪|t LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T
d̪z̪ʲ|dzʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER D - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
LATIN SMALL LETTER F - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
r̪|r LATIN SMALL LETTER R - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER R
LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
s̪ʲ|sʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
d̪|d LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER D
l̪ʲ|lʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER L - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
LATIN SMALL LETTER B - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
ŋʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
d̪z̪|dz LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER D - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
l̪|l LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER L
LATIN SMALL LETTER H - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
ɡʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
r̪ʲ|rʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER R - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER R - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
t̪s̪ʲ|tsʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
n̪ʲ|nʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER N - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
β̞ʲ GREEK SMALL LETTER BETA - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
s̪|s LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
n̪|n LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER N
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
d̪ʲ|dʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER D - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER M - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
t̪s̪|ts LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S