Inventory NORWEGIAN (UPSID 499)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

o̞ː LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ai LATIN SMALL LETTER A - LATIN SMALL LETTER I
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
øy LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH STROKE - LATIN SMALL LETTER Y
LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
ɔy LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN O - LATIN SMALL LETTER Y
ø̞ː LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH STROKE - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
æʉ LATIN SMALL LETTER AE - LATIN SMALL LETTER U BAR
æi LATIN SMALL LETTER AE - LATIN SMALL LETTER I
ʈʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ɒ̝ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED ALPHA - COMBINING UP TACK BELOW
t̪ʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H