Inventory SOUTHERN NAMBIQUARA (UPSID 480)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
o̞̰ LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - COMBINING TILDE BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
õ̞ LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - COMBINING TILDE
LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
e̞̰ LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - COMBINING TILDE BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
n̪̰|n̰ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING TILDE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING TILDE BELOW
ẽ̞ LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - COMBINING TILDE
ɺ̠̰ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED R WITH LONG LEG - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - COMBINING TILDE BELOW
ɺ̠ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED R WITH LONG LEG - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
t̪ʰ|tʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
kʷʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
õ̞̰ LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - COMBINING TILDE BELOW - COMBINING TILDE
ɗ̪|ɗ LATIN SMALL LETTER D WITH HOOK - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER D WITH HOOK
kʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING TILDE BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
ã̰ LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING TILDE BELOW - COMBINING TILDE
LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP
LATIN SMALL LETTER U - COMBINING TILDE BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING TILDE BELOW
ẽ̞̰ LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - COMBINING TILDE BELOW - COMBINING TILDE
ḭ̃ LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING TILDE BELOW - COMBINING TILDE
LATIN SMALL LETTER H - MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H