Inventory IGBO (UPSID 365)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

t̪|t LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T
LATIN SMALL LETTER B - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
ŋm LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER M
z̪|z LATIN SMALL LETTER Z - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
b̤ʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER B - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
l̪|l LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER L
t̪ʰ|tʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
ɡ̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ɓ̥ LATIN SMALL LETTER B WITH HOOK - COMBINING RING BELOW
ɡʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ɾ̪|ɾ LATIN SMALL LETTER R WITH FISHHOOK - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER R WITH FISHHOOK
kʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ɾ̪ʲ|ɾʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER R WITH FISHHOOK - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER R WITH FISHHOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
d̪̤|d̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
ɗ̥ LATIN SMALL LETTER D WITH HOOK - COMBINING RING BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER B - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
s̪|s LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
LATIN SMALL LETTER H - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
n̪|n LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER N
pʲʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ɡ̤ʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
d̪|d LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER D
t̠ʃʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
d̠ʒ̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW