Inventory HADZA (UPSID 357)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

kʷʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
tɬʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT
LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
mpʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER M - LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
n̪t̪ʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ŋǁ͓ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN LETTER LATERAL CLICK - COMBINING X BELOW
d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ŋ̥ǀ͓ˀ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - COMBINING RING BELOW - LATIN LETTER DENTAL CLICK - COMBINING X BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP
n̪d̪ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW
kʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
kǁ͓ʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER LATERAL CLICK - COMBINING X BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ts LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
tsʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
kǃ̠ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER RETROFLEX CLICK - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW
kǀ͓ʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER DENTAL CLICK - COMBINING X BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
n̠d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
tsʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
tɬʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
dz LATIN SMALL LETTER D - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
ŋǃ̠ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN LETTER RETROFLEX CLICK - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW
ŋ̥ǁ͓ˀ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - COMBINING RING BELOW - LATIN LETTER LATERAL CLICK - COMBINING X BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
t̪ʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
kǃ̠ʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER RETROFLEX CLICK - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
mb LATIN SMALL LETTER M - LATIN SMALL LETTER B
ŋɡ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
kǁ͓ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER LATERAL CLICK - COMBINING X BELOW
kǀ͓ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER DENTAL CLICK - COMBINING X BELOW
ŋǀ͓ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN LETTER DENTAL CLICK - COMBINING X BELOW
t̠ʃʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ŋ̥ǃ̠ˀ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - COMBINING RING BELOW - LATIN LETTER RETROFLEX CLICK - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP
ndz LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER D - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
t̠ʃʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE