Inventory HINDI-URDU (UPSID 354)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

ɖ̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER D WITH TAIL - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
l̪|l LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER L
ẽː LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
z̪|z LATIN SMALL LETTER Z - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
ɡ̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
l̪̤|l̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
ɽ̃ LATIN SMALL LETTER R WITH TAIL - COMBINING TILDE
ĩː LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
d̪̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
r̪|r LATIN SMALL LETTER R - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER R
ũː LATIN SMALL LETTER U - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
β̞ GREEK SMALL LETTER BETA - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER B - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
t̠ʃʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
n̪̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
d̠ʒ̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
s̪|s LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - VERTICAL LINE - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
ʈʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ãː LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̪ʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER M - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
õː LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H