Inventory Kugu Nganhcara (ER 2899)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

LATIN SMALL LETTER R - COMBINING INVERTED BRIDGE BELOW
t̪͈ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING DOUBLE VERTICAL LINE BELOW
ȶ͉ LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH CURL - COMBINING LEFT ANGLE BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - COMBINING LEFT ANGLE BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - COMBINING DOUBLE VERTICAL LINE BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - COMBINING LEFT ANGLE BELOW
t̪͉ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING LEFT ANGLE BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING INVERTED BRIDGE BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING INVERTED BRIDGE BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - COMBINING DOUBLE VERTICAL LINE BELOW
ȶ͈ LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH CURL - COMBINING DOUBLE VERTICAL LINE BELOW
t̺͉ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING INVERTED BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING LEFT ANGLE BELOW
ȵ LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH CURL
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
t̺͈ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING INVERTED BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING DOUBLE VERTICAL LINE BELOW