Inventory Tuvan (Standard) (EA 2579)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

ṵː LATIN SMALL LETTER U - COMBINING TILDE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW
t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
ɯ̽ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED M - COMBINING X ABOVE
ḭː LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING TILDE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɛ̰ː LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN E - COMBINING TILDE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER Z - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
d̪̥ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING RING BELOW
ɯ̽ː LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED M - COMBINING X ABOVE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɑ̰ː LATIN SMALL LETTER ALPHA - COMBINING TILDE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̪s̪ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW
t̪ʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
œ̰ː LATIN SMALL LIGATURE OE - COMBINING TILDE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
y̰ː LATIN SMALL LETTER Y - COMBINING TILDE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɯ̰̽ː LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED M - COMBINING TILDE BELOW - COMBINING X ABOVE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER B - COMBINING RING BELOW
ɔ̰ː LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN O - COMBINING TILDE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON