Inventory gSerpa (EA 2553)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

ts LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
ɖʐ LATIN SMALL LETTER D WITH TAIL - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z WITH RETROFLEX HOOK
ⁿɖʐ SUPERSCRIPT LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER D WITH TAIL - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z WITH RETROFLEX HOOK
ⁿɡ SUPERSCRIPT LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING RING BELOW
d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
ⁿb SUPERSCRIPT LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER B
ⁿdz SUPERSCRIPT LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER D - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ⁿɟ SUPERSCRIPT LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER DOTLESS J WITH STROKE
tsʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
ʈʂ LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER S WITH HOOK
ⁿd SUPERSCRIPT LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER D
ʈʂʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER S WITH HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ɯo LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED M - LATIN SMALL LETTER O
ɯa LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED M - LATIN SMALL LETTER A
LATIN SMALL LETTER C - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
t̠ʃʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ⁿd̠ʒ SUPERSCRIPT LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH