Inventory Meadow Mari (Joškar-Ola) (EA 2506)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

ɪ̈ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL I - COMBINING DIAERESIS
LATIN SMALL LETTER Y - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
ʈʂ LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER S WITH HOOK
LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING INVERTED BRIDGE BELOW
ʊ̜̈ LATIN SMALL LETTER UPSILON - COMBINING LEFT HALF RING BELOW - COMBINING DIAERESIS
t̺s̺ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING INVERTED BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING INVERTED BRIDGE BELOW
t̪̺ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING INVERTED BRIDGE BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
ʊ̜ LATIN SMALL LETTER UPSILON - COMBINING LEFT HALF RING BELOW
ð̪̺ LATIN SMALL LETTER ETH - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING INVERTED BRIDGE BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING INVERTED BRIDGE BELOW