Inventory Northern Qiang (Hongyan) (EA 2486)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

LATIN SMALL LETTER A - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP
t̪ʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
i˞ˤː LATIN SMALL LETTER I - MODIFIER LETTER RHOTIC HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ʈʂ LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER S WITH HOOK
a˞ː LATIN SMALL LETTER A - MODIFIER LETTER RHOTIC HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɖʐ LATIN SMALL LETTER D WITH TAIL - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z WITH RETROFLEX HOOK
ə˞ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCHWA - MODIFIER LETTER RHOTIC HOOK
tɕʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CURL - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER I - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP
əˤ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCHWA - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP
aˤː LATIN SMALL LETTER A - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
a˞ˤ LATIN SMALL LETTER A - MODIFIER LETTER RHOTIC HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP
u˞ˤː LATIN SMALL LETTER U - MODIFIER LETTER RHOTIC HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
tsʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ə˞ː LATIN SMALL LETTER SCHWA - MODIFIER LETTER RHOTIC HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
uˤː LATIN SMALL LETTER U - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
iˤː LATIN SMALL LETTER I - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
u˞ˤ LATIN SMALL LETTER U - MODIFIER LETTER RHOTIC HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CURL
ʑ LATIN SMALL LETTER Z WITH CURL
LATIN SMALL LETTER A - MODIFIER LETTER RHOTIC HOOK
LATIN SMALL LETTER U - MODIFIER LETTER RHOTIC HOOK
i˞ˤ LATIN SMALL LETTER I - MODIFIER LETTER RHOTIC HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP
ɕ LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CURL
dz LATIN SMALL LETTER D - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
LATIN SMALL LETTER U - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP
LATIN SMALL LETTER D - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z WITH CURL
ts LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
ʈʂʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER S WITH HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H