Inventory Abkhaz (Abzhywa) (EA 2468)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

kʷʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
t̠ʆʷʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH WITH CURL - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ʃʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
tʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ħʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER H WITH STROKE - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
kʲʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
qʷʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ɡʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING DIAERESIS
ʒʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ʈʂʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER S WITH HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
kʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
qʲʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ʁʲ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL INVERTED R - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
tsʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
t̠ʆʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH WITH CURL - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
tsʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ʈʂʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER S WITH HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
kʲʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER D - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
dz LATIN SMALL LETTER D - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
äː LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING DIAERESIS - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ɖʐ LATIN SMALL LETTER D WITH TAIL - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z WITH RETROFLEX HOOK
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
χʲ GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
tʷʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
d̠ʓʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH WITH CURL - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER F - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ʁʷ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL INVERTED R - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ɥˤ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED H - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
χʷ GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ɡʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
t̠ʃʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
t̠ʃʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE