Inventory Karaim (Northwestern) (EA 2403)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

tʲʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ɫ LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH MIDDLE TILDE
t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
kʲʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER N - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER Z - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
ɡʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
LATIN SMALL LETTER D - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
ɾʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER R WITH FISHHOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
t̠ʃʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER M - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
ʃʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER B - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J