Inventory Sandawe (GM 1652)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

ɡǃ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - LATIN LETTER RETROFLEX CLICK
ŋǃ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN LETTER RETROFLEX CLICK
kǃʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER RETROFLEX CLICK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
tsʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
tɬʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ĩː LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
kǀʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER DENTAL CLICK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ẽː LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
˨ MODIFIER LETTER LOW TONE BAR
õː LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER LATERAL CLICK
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT
ŋǁ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN LETTER LATERAL CLICK
ɡǀ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - LATIN LETTER DENTAL CLICK
ɡǁ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - LATIN LETTER LATERAL CLICK
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
˧ MODIFIER LETTER MID TONE BAR
ũː LATIN SMALL LETTER U - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
kǀʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER DENTAL CLICK - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
kǁʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER LATERAL CLICK - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER DENTAL CLICK
kǃʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER RETROFLEX CLICK - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
t̠ʃʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
˥˩ MODIFIER LETTER EXTRA-HIGH TONE BAR - MODIFIER LETTER EXTRA-LOW TONE BAR
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
˩˥ MODIFIER LETTER EXTRA-LOW TONE BAR - MODIFIER LETTER EXTRA-HIGH TONE BAR
t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
˦ MODIFIER LETTER HIGH TONE BAR
kǁʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER LATERAL CLICK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ŋǀ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN LETTER DENTAL CLICK
d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER RETROFLEX CLICK
LATIN SMALL LETTER D - LATIN SMALL LETTER LEZH
ãː LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON