Inventory Ndebele (GM 1491)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

ɡǃ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - LATIN LETTER RETROFLEX CLICK
ŋk LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER K
ŋǃ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN LETTER RETROFLEX CLICK
ɱv LATIN SMALL LETTER M WITH HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER V
ŋkx LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN SMALL LETTER X
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER RETROFLEX CLICK
nd LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER D
nt LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER T
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
tsʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER LATERAL CLICK
ɱf LATIN SMALL LETTER M WITH HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER F
t̠ʃʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ns LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
nz LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT
n̠t̠ʃʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
tsʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ŋǁ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN LETTER LATERAL CLICK
ɡǀ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - LATIN LETTER DENTAL CLICK
ɡǁ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - LATIN LETTER LATERAL CLICK
ŋɡ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER LEZH
kǀʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER DENTAL CLICK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER DENTAL CLICK
t̠ʃʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
mb LATIN SMALL LETTER M - LATIN SMALL LETTER B
ntsʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
mp LATIN SMALL LETTER M - LATIN SMALL LETTER P
˨ MODIFIER LETTER LOW TONE BAR
˦ MODIFIER LETTER HIGH TONE BAR
kx LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN SMALL LETTER X
ŋǀ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN LETTER DENTAL CLICK
d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
kǃʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER RETROFLEX CLICK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
kǁʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN LETTER LATERAL CLICK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
n̠d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE