Inventory Afrikaans (GM 1395)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

LATIN SMALL LETTER E - LATIN SMALL LETTER REVERSED E
œu LATIN SMALL LIGATURE OE - LATIN SMALL LETTER U
ɪ̝ː LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL I - COMBINING UP TACK BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɘi LATIN SMALL LETTER REVERSED E - LATIN SMALL LETTER I
LATIN SMALL LETTER O - LATIN SMALL LETTER REVERSED E
ɪ̝ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL I - COMBINING UP TACK BELOW
ai LATIN SMALL LETTER A - LATIN SMALL LETTER I
øɘ LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH STROKE - LATIN SMALL LETTER REVERSED E
œi LATIN SMALL LIGATURE OE - LATIN SMALL LETTER I