Inventory Hopi (SPA)

Source name: Hopi

Segment Representation Segment class Combined class

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

ʰkʷ MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ŋ̥ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - COMBINING RING BELOW
ɯ̆ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED M - COMBINING BREVE
ʍ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED W
LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING RING BELOW
ŋʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER J - COMBINING RING BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER U - COMBINING BREVE
LATIN SMALL LETTER M - COMBINING RING BELOW
oːu LATIN SMALL LETTER O - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON - LATIN SMALL LETTER U
a̟ː LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING PLUS SIGN BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ts LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
LATIN SMALL LETTER Y - COMBINING BREVE
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ʐ͇ LATIN SMALL LETTER Z WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - COMBINING EQUALS SIGN BELOW
ʰq MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - LATIN SMALL LETTER Q
ɛ̆ LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN E - COMBINING BREVE
ʰk MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - LATIN SMALL LETTER K
ʰts MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
ʰp MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - LATIN SMALL LETTER P
LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING RING BELOW
ʰt MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - LATIN SMALL LETTER T
LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING BREVE
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
ou LATIN SMALL LETTER O - LATIN SMALL LETTER U
LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING BREVE