Inventory Kwakiutl (SPA 71)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ˀw MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER W
dz LATIN SMALL LETTER D - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
ˀj MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER J
ˀn MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER N
qʷʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER C - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
tɬʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ˀl MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER L
kʷʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
kʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER X - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
tsʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING VERTICAL LINE BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
tɬʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER C - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
dl LATIN SMALL LETTER D - LATIN SMALL LETTER L
qʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER M - COMBINING VERTICAL LINE BELOW
tsʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ˀm MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER M
LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING VERTICAL LINE BELOW
ɢʷ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ɡʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
χʷ GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W