Inventory Northern Saami (UZ 2235)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

ˀɲː MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH LEFT HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ʰtsː MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER V - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ˀm MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER M
ts LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
ˀnː MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER N - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
ɡː LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER D - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɲː LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH LEFT HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ua LATIN SMALL LETTER U - LATIN SMALL LETTER A
LATIN SMALL LETTER F - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER L - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
dzː LATIN SMALL LETTER D - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ʰtː MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ˀn MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER N
ʃː LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
ʰk MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - LATIN SMALL LETTER K
ðː LATIN SMALL LETTER ETH - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
dz LATIN SMALL LETTER D - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ʰkː MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
tsː LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ˀmː MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER M - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER M - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ˀɲ MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH LEFT HOOK
ʰpː MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER R - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER N - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ʰt̠ʃ MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
ʰp MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - LATIN SMALL LETTER P
d̠ʒː LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ŋː LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ʰt̠ʃː MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER J - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̠ʃː LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ʎː LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED Y - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ʰts MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
ʰt MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - LATIN SMALL LETTER T
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER B - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON