Inventory Isthmus (Juchitán) Zapotec (UZ 2218)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

LATIN SMALL LETTER P - COMBINING LEFT ANGLE BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING LEFT ANGLE BELOW
ɲ̟ LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH LEFT HOOK - COMBINING PLUS SIGN BELOW
t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
LATIN SMALL LETTER I - LATIN SMALL LETTER ALPHA
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING LEFT ANGLE BELOW
ʃ͉ LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - COMBINING LEFT ANGLE BELOW
˧˥ MODIFIER LETTER MID TONE BAR - MODIFIER LETTER EXTRA-HIGH TONE BAR
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - COMBINING LEFT ANGLE BELOW
ḭu LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING TILDE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER U
˨ MODIFIER LETTER LOW TONE BAR
LATIN SMALL LETTER N - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̠͉ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - COMBINING LEFT ANGLE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
˦ MODIFIER LETTER HIGH TONE BAR
LATIN SMALL LETTER L - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON