Inventory Sedang (SPA 13)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING RING BELOW
n̠d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
ˀɲ MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH LEFT HOOK
ˀw MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER W
LATIN SMALL LETTER M - COMBINING RING BELOW
nd LATIN SMALL LETTER N - LATIN SMALL LETTER D
ʍ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED W
LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING RING BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ˀŋ MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ˀb MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER B
ˀl MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER L
ɔ̰ LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN O - COMBINING TILDE BELOW
ŋ̥ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - COMBINING RING BELOW
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
ˀm MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER M
LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING TILDE BELOW
mb LATIN SMALL LETTER M - LATIN SMALL LETTER B
ŋɡ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING TILDE BELOW
t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
ˀn MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER N
LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING TILDE BELOW
ˀr MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER R
ˀd MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER D
LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING TILDE BELOW
ɛ̰ LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN E - COMBINING TILDE BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER R - COMBINING RING BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER U - COMBINING TILDE BELOW
ɲ̥ LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH LEFT HOOK - COMBINING RING BELOW