Inventory Nishgha (PH 1130)

Segment class Segment Marginal Allophones Representation

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

ˀm̥ MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER M - COMBINING RING BELOW
ˀw̥ MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER W - COMBINING RING BELOW
ˀkʷ MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER X - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ˀt̪s MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
ɡʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ˀq MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER Q
ˀn̪̥ MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING RING BELOW
ɡʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
ˀt̪ɬ MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT
ˀp MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER P
ˀj̥ MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER J - COMBINING RING BELOW
ˀl̪̥ MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING RING BELOW
t̪s LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
ˀt̪ MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW
kʲʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE