Inventory Hausa (SPA)

Source name: Hausa

Segment Representation Segment class Combined class

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
ɡʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ɸʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER PHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
o̞ː LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
˥˦ MODIFIER LETTER EXTRA-HIGH TONE BAR - MODIFIER LETTER HIGH TONE BAR
˩ MODIFIER LETTER EXTRA-LOW TONE BAR
ɡʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
kʷʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP
e̞ː LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
kʲʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER J - MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP
˥ MODIFIER LETTER EXTRA-HIGH TONE BAR