Inventory Northern Haida (SPA)

Source name: Haida

Segment Representation Segment class Combined class

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

ˀŋ MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG
kʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ˀm MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER M
t̠ʃʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
χʷ GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
tɬʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ˀj MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER J
ˀn MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER N
LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ˀl MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER L
kʷʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ˀw MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - LATIN SMALL LETTER W
tɬʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
dl LATIN SMALL LETTER D - LATIN SMALL LETTER L
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
qʷʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER C - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER C - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER X - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
qʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
t̠ʃʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W