Inventory Tolowa (SPA)

Source name: Chasta Costa

Segment Representation Segment class Combined class

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

ũː LATIN SMALL LETTER U - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER N - MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP
t̠ʃʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
t̠ʃʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ʈʂʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER S WITH HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
tsʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
kʷʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ãː LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
ĩː LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
e̞ː LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER M - MODIFIER LETTER GLOTTAL STOP
LATIN SMALL LETTER X - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W