Inventory Kabardian (SPA)

Source name: Kabardian

Segment Representation Segment class Combined class

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

k̟ʲʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - COMBINING PLUS SIGN BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
t̻s̻ʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING SQUARE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING SQUARE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ɡʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ʔʷ LATIN LETTER GLOTTAL STOP - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ʝ̟ LATIN SMALL LETTER J WITH CROSSED-TAIL - COMBINING PLUS SIGN BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER F - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
kʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
x̟ʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER X - COMBINING PLUS SIGN BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
qχʷʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
kʷʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ɡ̟ʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - COMBINING PLUS SIGN BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
χʷ GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
t̻ʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING SQUARE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
a̟ː LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING PLUS SIGN BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
o̞ː LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̻s̻ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING SQUARE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING SQUARE BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING SQUARE BELOW
d̻z̻ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING SQUARE BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z - COMBINING SQUARE BELOW
e̞ː LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING SQUARE BELOW
qχʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ʁʷ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL INVERTED R - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
qχʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
k̟ʲʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - COMBINING PLUS SIGN BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
t̻ʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING SQUARE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ɬʲʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ɣ̟ʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER GAMMA - COMBINING PLUS SIGN BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI
LATIN SMALL LETTER Z - COMBINING SQUARE BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER X - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ç̟ LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA - COMBINING PLUS SIGN BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ɬʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
ʃʼ LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ɮʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER LEZH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING SQUARE BELOW