Inventory Iaai (UPSID)

Source name: IAI

Segment Representation Segment class Combined class

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

ŋ̥ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - COMBINING RING BELOW
ɭ̥ LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - COMBINING RING BELOW
ʍ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED W
ŋ̥m̥ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - COMBINING RING BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER M - COMBINING RING BELOW
ɡb LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - LATIN SMALL LETTER B
LATIN SMALL LETTER M - COMBINING RING BELOW
ɲ̥ LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH LEFT HOOK - COMBINING RING BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER S - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW
d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
ɳ̥ LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - COMBINING RING BELOW
ŋm LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - LATIN SMALL LETTER M
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W