Inventory Sinhala (SPA)

Source name: Sinhalese

Segment Representation Segment class Combined class

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

æ̃ː LATIN SMALL LETTER AE - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER D - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɲː LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH LEFT HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER C - LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
ɟʝː LATIN SMALL LETTER DOTLESS J WITH STROKE - LATIN SMALL LETTER J WITH CROSSED-TAIL - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER L - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER N - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɡː LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ʈː LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
cçː LATIN SMALL LETTER C - LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ãː LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɟʝ LATIN SMALL LETTER DOTLESS J WITH STROKE - LATIN SMALL LETTER J WITH CROSSED-TAIL
LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɖː LATIN SMALL LETTER D WITH TAIL - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER M - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER B - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING PLUS SIGN BELOW