Inventory Hindi (SPA)

Source name: Hindi-Urdu

Segment Representation Segment class Combined class

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

kʰː LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER R - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ẽː LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ʃː LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER M - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
ʋː LATIN SMALL LETTER V WITH HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɽ̃ LATIN SMALL LETTER R WITH TAIL - COMBINING TILDE
æẽ̯ LATIN SMALL LETTER AE - LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING INVERTED BREVE BELOW - COMBINING TILDE
ĩː LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER Z - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
d̪ː LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɔo̯ LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN O - LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING INVERTED BREVE BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER J - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ãː LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER B - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
d̪̤ː LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɡː LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
d̠ʒ̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER L - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̪ʰː LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɖ̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER D WITH TAIL - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
t̠ʃʰː LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
n̪ː LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
LATIN SMALL LETTER Q - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɡ̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
ɡ̤ː LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɔ̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN O - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
æe̯ LATIN SMALL LETTER AE - LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING INVERTED BREVE BELOW
õː LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
b̤ː LATIN SMALL LETTER B - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̠ʃʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ʈʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
n̪̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
t̪ː LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ʈː LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɖː LATIN SMALL LETTER D WITH TAIL - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
t̪ʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER F - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER L - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
t̠ʃː LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
pʰː LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
d̠ʒː LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER B - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɔõ̯ LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN O - LATIN SMALL LETTER O - COMBINING INVERTED BREVE BELOW - COMBINING TILDE
ũː LATIN SMALL LETTER U - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɖ̤ː LATIN SMALL LETTER D WITH TAIL - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ʈʰː LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
ɪ̈ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL I - COMBINING DIAERESIS
d̪̤ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING BRIDGE BELOW - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
d̠ʒ̤ː LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER M - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH