Inventory Ronga (GM)

Source name: Ronga

Segment Representation Segment class Combined class

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

LATIN SMALL LETTER W - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
n̤ʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER N - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
ɖʐʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER D WITH TAIL - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ɖʐ LATIN SMALL LETTER D WITH TAIL - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z WITH RETROFLEX HOOK
t̠ʃʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ŋʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER ENG - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
ʈʂ LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER S WITH HOOK
LATIN SMALL LETTER M - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
psʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER P - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ʐʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER Z WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
bzʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER B - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ɡ̤ʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ɡǂ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - LATIN LETTER ALVEOLAR CLICK
LATIN SMALL LETTER L - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ts LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
ɬʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
pfʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER P - LATIN SMALL LETTER F - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER V - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
pf LATIN SMALL LETTER P - LATIN SMALL LETTER F
psʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER P - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
dlʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - LATIN SMALL LETTER L - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ɲʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH LEFT HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
dz LATIN SMALL LETTER D - LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
ɡʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
bv LATIN SMALL LETTER B - LATIN SMALL LETTER V
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
kʷʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
ʈʂʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER S WITH HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ʃʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ʈʂʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX HOOK - LATIN SMALL LETTER S WITH HOOK - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
tsʰ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
LATIN SMALL LETTER N - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W