Inventory Vietnamese (SPA)

Source name: Vietnamese

Segment Representation Segment class Combined class

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

ʌ̯ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED V - COMBINING INVERTED BREVE BELOW
ɯ̞ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED M - COMBINING DOWN TACK BELOW
˨˩̤ MODIFIER LETTER LOW TONE BAR - MODIFIER LETTER EXTRA-LOW TONE BAR - COMBINING DIAERESIS BELOW
a̟ː LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING PLUS SIGN BELOW - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
˦˥ MODIFIER LETTER HIGH TONE BAR - MODIFIER LETTER EXTRA-HIGH TONE BAR
˦˥̰ MODIFIER LETTER HIGH TONE BAR - MODIFIER LETTER EXTRA-HIGH TONE BAR - COMBINING TILDE BELOW
˩̰ MODIFIER LETTER EXTRA-LOW TONE BAR - COMBINING TILDE BELOW
˨˩ MODIFIER LETTER LOW TONE BAR - MODIFIER LETTER EXTRA-LOW TONE BAR
˧ MODIFIER LETTER MID TONE BAR
LATIN SMALL LETTER T - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL H
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W