Inventory Gwandara 4 (GM)

Source name: Gwandara (Gitata)

Segment Representation Segment class Combined class

Consonants (Pulmonic)

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal  Velar  Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Trill ʙ r ʀ
Tap or Flap ɾ̪ ɾ ɽ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Lateral approximant l ɭ ʎ ʟ

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.

Consonants (Non-Pulmonic)

Clicks Voiced implosives
ʘ Bilabial ɓ Bilabial
ǀ Dental ɗ Dental/alveolar
ǃ (Post)alveolar ʄ Palatal
ǂ Palatoalveolar ɠ Velar
ǁ Alveolar lateral ʛ Uvular

Vowels

Vowel Quadrilateral
Front Central Back Close Close-mid Open-mid Open

Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.

Other Segments

ɡb LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - LATIN SMALL LETTER B
LATIN SMALL LETTER F - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
ə̃ː LATIN SMALL LETTER SCHWA - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
˦˨ MODIFIER LETTER HIGH TONE BAR - MODIFIER LETTER LOW TONE BAR
LATIN SMALL LETTER B - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
LATIN SMALL LETTER B - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
ẽː LATIN SMALL LETTER E - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
˦ MODIFIER LETTER HIGH TONE BAR
LATIN SMALL LETTER P - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
˧˨ MODIFIER LETTER MID TONE BAR - MODIFIER LETTER LOW TONE BAR
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
ts LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S
˨˧ MODIFIER LETTER LOW TONE BAR - MODIFIER LETTER MID TONE BAR
LATIN SMALL LETTER M - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
kp LATIN SMALL LETTER K - LATIN SMALL LETTER P
LATIN SMALL LETTER K - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
d̠ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER D - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH
t̠ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - COMBINING MINUS SIGN BELOW - LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
ĩː LATIN SMALL LETTER I - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
˨ MODIFIER LETTER LOW TONE BAR
ɡʲ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL J
ɡʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
˦˧ MODIFIER LETTER HIGH TONE BAR - MODIFIER LETTER MID TONE BAR
˨˦ MODIFIER LETTER LOW TONE BAR - MODIFIER LETTER HIGH TONE BAR
LATIN SMALL LETTER X - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W
˧ MODIFIER LETTER MID TONE BAR
ãː LATIN SMALL LETTER A - COMBINING TILDE - MODIFIER LETTER TRIANGULAR COLON
w LATIN SMALL LETTER W
tsʷ LATIN SMALL LETTER T - LATIN SMALL LETTER S - MODIFIER LETTER SMALL W